Gender-Based violence refers to harmful acts directed at an individual based on their gender. It is rooted in gender inequality, the abuse of power and harmful norms. Gender-based violence (GBV) is a serious violation of human rights and a life-threatening health and protection issue.
This sector is responsible for the protection of women and girls from all forms of violence perpetrated against women
Medical Interventions to address physical and reproductive health consequences and injuries resulting from GBV incidents. This includes Clinical Management of Rape (CMR) within 72hrs with the post-rape kit, including Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) and Emergency Contraception (EC) within 120hrs
Clinical treatment for mental disorders resulting from GBV incidents. This response requires specialized services delivered by qualified mental health professionals
Provision of Legal Assistance services that can promote or help survivors to know their rights, claim their legal rights and make informed decisions with respect to seeking justice
Psycho-Social Support including Case management are services or support to GBV survivors to recover from emotional, psychosocial, and social effects of GBV including not limited to crisis care, long-term emotional and practical support, and information. This includes psychological First Aid to gain necessary stability for rational decision-making, psychological counseling from trained persons or professionals to overcome stress, trauma, and depression, and Case Management. The CM process involves social workers/caseworkers supporting survivors to assess their multi-sector needs (health, mental health, legal, safety and security, livelihood, etc.) and accompanying them to other services through referral pathways with the consent of survivors. The case management process involves follow up actions
Safe space is where women and girls can go and feel physically, emotionally safe, and comfortable during the day and enjoy the freedom to express themselves without the fear of judgement or harm.
Psycho-Social Support including Case management to GBV Child survivors are services or support offered to GBV child survivors to recover from the harmful emotional and psychosocial effects of GBV. This includes psychological First Aid (PFA) to gain necessary stability for rational decision-making, psychological counseling from trained persons or professionals to provide care to child survivors to overcome stress, trauma, and depression, and link survivors to child-friendly spaces or activities. It also includes case Management involving the childcare givers in assessing the child survivors’ needs (health, mental health, psychosocial support, reunification, legal, Education, safety and security, livelihood, etc.) and referral pathways with the assent of the child and consent from caregivers in line with the best interest of the child principle
Skill development, capacity building or provision of cash, resources to enable survivors and vulnerable persons to gain knowledge and skills to seek employment or begin an activity that will provide them with income and empowered them. These activities aim at reinforcing survivors and vulnerable persons’ access to resources and economic opportunities to reduce their dependence on their basic needs, protect their dignity, and reduce risks of exploitation
Include the provision of any food or non-food items (NFIs) including dignity kits, provision of cash for basic needs to help restore survivors’ dignity. This support includes one or several of the following: provision of food, spices for daily cooking materials, water, and latrines supplies, supplies for shelter, firewood, recycling products, solar lanterns, thamis/clothing, baby items, and emergency cash assistance
Types/Forms of GBV
Unlawful sexual intercourse or any other sexual penetration of the vagina, anus, or mouth of another person, with or without force, by a sex organ, other body part, or foreign object, without the consent of the person subjected to such penetration
‘Sexual violence’ is a term we use to describe any sexual activity that happened without consent. This includes rape, sexual assault, sexual abuse and sexual harassment (to name just a few).
Any act which causes physical harm as a result of unlawful physical force. Physical violence can take the form of, among others, serious and minor assault, deprivation of liberty and manslaughter.
Forced marriage is a marriage in which one and/or both parties have not personally expressed their full and free consent to the union. A child marriage is considered to be a form of forced marriage, given that one and/or both parties have not expressed full, free and informed consent.
Emotional abuse includes non-physical behaviors that are meant to control, isolate, or frighten you. This may present in romantic relationships as threats, insults, constant monitoring, excessive jealousy, manipulation, humiliation, intimidation, dismissiveness, among others.
Stop Gender-Based Violence
Gender-Based Violence is punishable by Law